The Benefit of Education and Job Training For At-Risk Youth

There are several advantages in educating and training at-risk youth for jobs in today’s environments. The benefits will not only improve and change the status of many troubled youth, but will pave the way for the next generation of entrepreneurs, environmental developers, maintenance workers and construction builders that will aid in making the future world a better place to live. This article will explain a company’s personal agenda regarding their own business endeavors in an attempt to circulate social skills and techniques that are necessary for troubled youth, as well as, reveal the accomplishments and the many creative ideas developed by a friend.

This article will offer some discussions and ideas as to how a particular company intends to improve and change the status of many disadvantaged youth through concepts of social skills that are sometimes elusive and difficult to assess. There will be an unveiling of ideas of special apprenticeship programs and a sharing of other organizational information designed to stop the critical plight of ignorance and devastation engaging many young people.

The CEO/President of an industrial, environmental cleaning and pro-construction company has developed a somewhat unoriginal but interesting take in assuring success of many at-risk youth. The awareness that many behaviors occur within a scope of environmental events proves to be evident. The company in question has inducted a small segment of its company to the training, education and awareness, advocating social skills groups geared towards many of the troubled youth in today’s society; this segment is geared towards troubled and disadvantaged youth, in a non-profit capacity, that offers an affiliate core-training piece to the company in question. They pride themselves on the many activities, as well as, great ideas under girded by a commitment to workforce training and entrepreneurial opportunities for disadvantaged youth.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, written in 2003, youths in the U.S. represent 26 % of the population and account for 50% of the victims of violent acts. Research shows that regular exposure to violence is associated with psychological difficulties, language and development skills associated with poor education and juvenile justice problems. According to (The U.S. Department of Education, 1997) and (Dodge, Pettit, Bates, 1997; Kendall-Tackett, Williams & Finkelhor, 1993) “exposure to community violence is twice more likely amongst African Americans than any other race.” Because of these statistics and known facts, the non-profit seeks funding and many other avenues in order to train and educate youth.

By providing life skills training before placing youths in jobs that are both contracted and affiliated with the proposed company in question., they are able to provide the tools needed for future success. The company aspires to help young people achieve self-esteem and confidence, while developing a sense of civic responsibility. Because many of the contracts require security background checks, most of the jobs geared for at-risk youth, are through small private owned businesses such as beauty salons, barbershops, carpet cleaning companies, auto shops, and small construction sites that are guided by apprenticeship programs.

One might ask what an apprentice is. In chapter 4 of the summary by T.H. Hawkins, under the caption, What apprentices are not, an apprentice is “a trade or occupation where formal training over a specified period is given and is allied to the provision of facilities for study leading to a City and Guilds, or qualification.”

According to Mr. Hawkins his summary entitled, What is an apprentice? ‘The term “apprenticeship” has lost the weight it had when it was originally conceived in the sixteenth century, and has now (…) become a blanket term. It covers: temporary and transient -assembly line work (…) and “genuine apprentices” – including craft/trade.’

The company’s goal in developing the company in question and its core-training piece,the non-profit, is to create and develop more of the exact jobs that Hawkins mentions, for at-risk youth that will offer the necessary, blue-collar jobs derived from yesterday’s hands-on skill set; these blue -collar jobs have vanished from vocational schools and many other learning environments.

There have been and are currently in place, organizations and programs with ideas and information designed to stop the devastation surrounding many youth. Through numerous out-reach programs, The company is able to reach many of the young people who would normally have fallen through the cracks and crevices that are often prevalent when faced with neediness and neglect. In the summary referencing the 21st Century Youth article, The Department of Labor introduced a program through the Employment and Training Administration’s office of Workforce Investment Division of Youth Services, and began a YouthBuild program in September of 2006. The program provided job training and education opportunities for at-risk youth. Much like what they do in Starr Touch Enterprises and Starr Youth, YouthBuild split their time between the construction sites and the classroom, where they encourage youth to achieve GED and high school diplomas.

Many organizations provide programs and funding for disadvantaged youth all over the country. Some of these organizations are in our back yards. A very good friend, Binx Watts, heads charity golf tournaments every year for inner-city youths; these tournaments have since become very popular. In an article written by Thomas-Lester, The Washington Post (2007) Binx embarks on his journey in creating and developing the TeeMac Golf Inner City Park Heights Junior Golf Clinic. Park Heights, an urban area in Baltimore where I personally grew up, has longed been plagued with poverty and violence. Through the game of Golf, Binx and his non-profit organization, TeeMac, is able to provide troubled youth with the exposure necessary for future success, by taking youth off the streets and into structural learning and achieving environments.

As mentioned in the previous paragraph of the 21st Century Youth article, The (ETA) Employment and Training Administration is one of many organizations that offer continuous and relevant studies and job preparation, while connecting youth to many educational opportunities. The abstract summary entitled, Programs Put Teens on a Path to Success, talked to Clayton Muhammad, an advocate for troubled youth primarily in and around his own community. Muhammad talked about one youngster who was born addicted to crack and how this same youth is a senior class president today because of a program that he created for youths. Muhammad talks about another organization for girls called Diamonds, which is a service fraternity. The fraternity brings together the sharing of opportunities that aspire to develop, grow and further achieve greatness and success for the Latino and the African-American teen. It is a program that links the two cultures in an attempt to find growth and development while achieving the many goals that often excel through a common bond.

In closing, one can only envision the advantages in educating and training at-risk youths for jobs in today’s environments. In a collective effort through the many past and present businesses, organizations and programs, there are possibilities of unlimited greatness that can become normalcy for the many aspiring entrepreneurs, environmental developers, maintenance workers and construction workers destined to become the future for the many youths in today’s environments. A curriculum for child-care providers called Teaching Social Skills To Youth by Tom Dowd and Jeff Tierney, it is said that, “Ideally, lessons learned at each stage in a child’s development become the tools that are used to successfully meet the demands of subsequent stages of life.”

It is the concept of the company in question and its core non-profit piece, to acknowledge the complexities of the human social behavior and to remedy those complexities with techniques in life skills training and development. It is time that we allow the rapid development of businesses like this particular small business organization to expose young and troubled youth dwelling in many environments, to the avenues of learning from technologies near and far. Whether it is computers or cell phones, the idea is to reach beyond their emotional IQ’s so that they may engage themselves in the vigilance of achievement.

Through creative job experience transpired in environments such as barbershops and beauty shops, a non-profit can provide hands-on training and work experience for both males and females; it is those elements that will develop the level of integration youth will be able to intervene, from the teaching and training by responsible role models. The company is aware of the important and vital fact that many of the young people will have to be motivated and in doing so, has created such alternative sports activities such as basketball, golf, baseball and football amongst other things. Our youths are able to choose their level of comfort and participation while acquiring the necessary life and development skills that are detrimental to the learning and achieving process.

The company in question, through its non-profit hopes to off- set the many negative aspects that dwell in the environments that drive, feed and add to the critical plight of ignorance and devastation engaging many of today’s youth.

Kathryn s carrington

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Making a Choice Between Higher Education and Job Experience

Education is the basic necessity of this world. Students seek higher education because they wish to develop a career for them which they believe is only possible through attaining education through the traditional means. With the modernization of time, people are moving away from the traditional modes and are being more acceptable and open towards the contemporary modes that bring about greater benefits.

Students who have completed their high schools and are standing on the verge of deciding whether to pursue future education in a traditional setting or to opt for a job, is a choice that is often very complex and daunting. It is an issue that weighs vigorously on their personalities. It is an extremely troublesome choice that relies upon numerous diverse elements, for example, the individual’s personal and career objectives.

For some individuals the best choice is to opt for a job soon after they have completed their high school. This gives them a chance to learn and acquire the skills that are necessary for a job. This makes them a seasoned player and expert in their field and their experience in the field surpasses their academic qualification.

However, for some people it is pretty important to pursue to higher education and attain a degree because they believe that degree is the pre-requisite and assurance for a good job and career. They wish to seek degree in their particular field which they believe helps to set their base. Some students also believe that employers refer candidates who hold a degree. This is the reason why they often buy a college degree to ensure their bright future prospects.

In the opinion of experts, a degree carries sufficient worth but it is not a mandatory document to ensure you better jobs. The essential thing is to develop and acquire skills that are necessary for the job and makes you an expert in the field. Even if you do not possess a degree but you have essential hands on experience in field, it makes you an equally potential and credible resource for any employer and you have greater prospects for future.

There are many online universities now offering online degree programs that skilled professional can transform his/her experience into graduation or master, but very few of them are dealing with original degrees, whenever you are interesting in getting online degrees confirm their credibility from their reviews on different sources in search engines.

For more information regarding easy online degree programs visit usauniversitiesonline.com the best online authentic source to buy degree.

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Scholarships For Moms Means Education and Jobs For Working Mothers

There are hundreds of universities as well as local colleges who recognize the Scholarships for Moms Program that is offered by the government. It is part of the federal stimulus program President Obama has been offering ever since he was elected. The scholarships are meant to help single and working mothers better themselves by upgrading their education. Moms who have a college degree are far more likely to earn a decent wage and can provide better for their children.

Among the various scholarship programs offered by colleges today, the Scholarships for Moms is proving to be most beneficial to working mothers because it is aimed directly toward benefitting them when they determine that they must complete their education. Women who do not attend college will most likely wind up with dead end jobs for minimum wages and not job satisfaction at all. How many times to you hear them say “I love my job!”?

Most of the money problems faced by the typical family today are more complex and troublesome than in past years. Jobs have been lost or hours cut by many. If the father is struggling with his career, moms find they need to return to the work force and help out as never before. And if she has a limited education, her job opportunities are slim to none. Finding a scholarship program that will pay for most or all of her educational expenses can be a lifesaver and allow her to complete her schooling and find a good paying job she can be proud of.

Professionals know well just how important it is to have that college degree. And whether it came from a local college or an online school, it spells money in the form of higher pay checks when they seek out that career they’ve always wanted. Make a decision and go for that degree with help from Scholarships for Moms.

Did you know you can get a $10,000 scholarship for Moms just for registering? Apply right now for free: Scholarships for Moms [http://MOMS4SCHOLARSHIPS.INFO]

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Polytechnic Colleges – A Gateway to Better Education and Jobs

Polytechnic divided from the Greek word, ‘poly’ meaning ‘many’ and ‘tekhnik’ meaning ‘arts’ an apt word for the process of studying many arts under one roof. Joining a polytechnic college is a crucial decision as it determines later on the opportunity for jobs or education of the student’s choice. The education at the Polytechnic institutions are taught now in both technical and vocational sides, giving priority to both of them. These days after a regular clean up of its act, it has become more rigorous and established in its academic route. This has led to the possibility of to get more out of the academic and practical knowledge available. A number of new fields and courses have been introduced to produce efficient students catering to the industry needs. The top of the list Polytechnic colleges having a good reputation, quality education and world-class facilities provide better leverage for their students than some of the engineering colleges. Most of the core courses like Inhibition and process industries which were earlier dominated by male students has seen a sharp increase in female students opting for the same courses as the availability of jobs is large.

One of the common reasons for many students taking up polytechnic courses is the advantage of joining an engineering college of their preferred core courses at the second year entry instead of joining the first year like the rest of the students. This leads to earning a Diploma and an Engineering Degree within 6 years. The education in the polytechnic colleges helps the student select the right course for his next study plan like a college education. The fundamentals of the courses with more hands on practical training are given. This helps the student create a solid base for the next education.

Some of the advantages in studying a polytechnic course is the better grasp of subjects and an in-depth knowledge. These are important factors needed for a good job. So the problem of landing a job after Diploma in a polytechnic institution is solved. As companies prefer selecting candidates with key skill integrated with practical knowledge which a polytechnic student can boast about. Some of the steps taken by polytechnic colleges for their overall improvement are

  • In Plant Training
  • Industrial visits
  • Campus interviews
  • Value Added Courses

The best part of this education is the cost-effective measures and moderately priced fees, giving a hope for all to study. The utmost importance is given to technical education as students are made ready and prepared for industry requirements. The experience one has gained from studying can be used to start-up a business of own choice. Listed below are some of the widely studied courses are

  • Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
  • Diploma in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  • Diploma in Electronics and Communications Engineering
  • Diploma in Computer Engineering
  • Diploma in Automobile Technology
  • Diploma in Information Technology

In case of students preferring a job instead, it’s easy to get the job as the resume would show key skills acquired at an early stage of the polytechnic education. The advantage here is that jobs are acquired at minimal expenditure with lot of opportunities. A number of multi-national companies have stepped up roping in candidates from polytechnic colleges as a result of quality education and hands-on training. So at the end of the day while making a decision, it’s wise to choose a polytechnic college for better educational facilities and a successful career

A large growth has been noticed in students choosing over a polytechnic course from a traditional engineering. The usefulness of having a Diploma is explained. The routes to take after a Diploma from the polytechnic college is also given.

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Reservation in Higher Education and Jobs- Divide and Rule Strategy

Introduction:

“Reservation in Higher Education and Jobs in Private Sector”…Yes or No? There has been lot of debate on this subject across the country. People are agitating…people are on hunger strike; Students have different views…professionals have different views. As per the interview with Cabinet Minister, (Human Resourse Development) Mr. Arjun Singh…on CNN-IBN, he is not willing to accept any facts and fingers. In short, after the interview he looks like a confused person…might be an effect of his age. Lets start from the very beginning, on the 27th of June 1961 Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru (First Prime Minister of India) wrote to the Chief Ministers: I dislike any kind of reservations. If we go in for any kind of reservations on communal and caste basis, we will swamp the bright and able people and remain second rate or third rate. The moment we encourage the second rate, we are lost. And then he adds pointedly: This way lies not only folly, but also disaster.

Lets have a look at some other figures…”Learning from Past Experiences”…

NSSO, which is a government appointed body, has actually in its research in 1999 – which is the most latest research shown – that 23.5 per cent of all university seats are already with the OBCs. And that is just 8.5 per cent less than what the NSSO believes is the OBC share of the population. So, for a difference of 8 per cent, would reservations be the right way of making up the difference? A study done by the IITs themselves shows that 50 per cent of the IIT seats for the SCs and STs remain vacant and for the remaining 50 per cent, 25 per cent are the candidates, who even after six years fail to get their degrees. So, clearly, in their case, reservations are not working. Parliamentary Committee on the welfare for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes says that “looking at the Delhi University, between 1995 and 2000, just half the seats for under-graduates at the Scheduled Castes level and just one-third of the seats for under-graduates at the Scheduled Tribes level were filled. All the others went empty, unfilled.”

Sukhdev Thorat, the Chairman of the UGC. He points out that today, at higher education levels – that is all universities, IITs and IIMs – there is already a 1.2 lakh vacancy number. 40 per cent of these are in teaching staff, which the IIT faculty themselves point out that they have shortages of up to 30 per cent.

Fifty years after the reservations were made, statistics show, according to The Hindustan Times, that overall in India, only 16 per cent of the places in higher education are occupied by SCs and STs. The quota is 22.5 per cent, which means that only two-thirds of the quota is occupied. One third is going waste, it is being denied to other people.

In short, reservations mean that a lesser-qualified candidate gets preference over a more qualified candidate, solely because in this case, he or she happens to be an OBC. In other words, the upper castes are being penalized for being upper caste.

Why Quota? Why Reservations? Will this help “underprivileged” communities to come at par with others? I don’t think so. If the foundation is not strong…one cannot make strong building on it. If you really want to bring everyone on same platform…strengthen the Primary Education; Improve the course material; provide teachers at that level and make people strong enough to compete with each other…provide the platform for institutes and corporates to choose the best.

Mandal Commission…A regretful step…First Major Step towards reservation and quota system…beginning of caste based politics…

1) The Mandal Commission was officially called Second backward Classes Commission.

2) It derives its name from parliamentarian BP Mandal, who chaired the Commission.

3) The Mandal Commission was constituted by the Morarji Desai government in 1978 to consider action politics for backward classes, aimed at redressing caste discrimination.

4) The Commission Report was submitted in Dec 1980. It sought reservation for 27 per cent of all services and public sector undertakings under the central government and 27 per cent of all admissions to institutions of higher education for Other Backward Classes (OBCs).

5) The percentage was over and above the existing 22.5 per cent reservation for SCs/STs.

6) In Aug 1990, the then Prime Minister VP Singh assured its implementation in government jobs.

7) It led to widespread protests, which finally led to his resignation.

8) There were many self-immolations attempts, including that of Rajeev Goswami, a DU student.

9) In 1993, the Supreme Court upheld 27 per cent reservation for OBCs.

10) But it was subject to the exclusion of socially advanced persons/sections from amongst the OBCs.

11) Children of Class I officers with income of Re one lakh were also excluded.

12) The exclusion-income limit was revised to Rs 2.5 lakh in 2004.

13) The reservation came into effect in Sept 1993 after the recommendations were accepted.

14) In Aug 2005, the SC abolished all caste-based reservations in unaided private colleges.

15) On Dec 2005, the Lok Sabha passed the 104th Constitution Amendment Act 2005, rolling back the SC judgement.

16) The new clause allowed reservations for SC/ST and OBCs in private unaided educational institutions.

17) The latest controversy erupted over the government’s proposal to introduce 27 per cent reservation for OBCs in central government-funded higher educational institutes like IITs and IIMs.

Earlier Mandal Commission identified 11 indicators for providing reservation and quota is higher education. They were:

Social

Castes/classes considered as socially backward by others.

Castes/classes which mainly depend on manual labour for their livelihood.

Castes/classes where the percentage of married women below 17 is 25% above the state average in rural areas and 10% in urban areas; and that of married men is 10% and 5% above the state average in rural and urban areas respectively.

Castes/classes where participation of females in work is at least 25% above the state average.

Educational

Castes/classes where the number of children in the age group of 5 to 15 years who never attended school is at least 25% above the state average.

Castes/classes where the rate of student drop-out in the age group of 5-15 years is at least 25% above the state average.

Castes/classes amongst whom the proportion of matriculates is at least 25% below the state average

Economic

Castes/classes where the average value of family assets is at least 25% below the state average.

Castes/classes where the number of families living in kachcha houses is at least 25 % above the state average.

Castes/classes where the source of drinking water is beyond half a kilometer for more than 50% of the households.

Castes/classes where the number of the house-holds having taken a consumption loan is at least 25% above the state average.

We have seen even during those years that “Reservation” is just not acceptable. Even if after Close to 60 yrs of Independence (we will be celebrating our Diamond jubilee year of Independence between 15th August 2006-15th August 2007), we are saying that we have not done anything to bring up the social status of people then we are just nullifying all the achievements. Had this been done 5 yrs or 10 yrs after the independence…it would have been acceptable but not after 55 yrs of independence.

Conclusion

Need is to improve the standard of education at “Primary Level”, make people competent enough to fight in “Open Competition” and not to reserve the seats or provide any type of quota. The vociferous protest against reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and the growing unease about reservations for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes reflects the sharp conflicts which are erupting in Indian society over the distribution of a limited number of Government jobs and educational resources. It should be noted that the vocal opposition to the reservations for OBCs goes hand in hand with a more disguised resentment against reservation for the scheduled castes and tribes. One has only to recall to the Gujarat anti-reservation movement of 1981 and the recent December, 1989 U.P. agitation against the Parliament extending the reservation of seats in legislatures for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes for another ten years.

The movement against reservations in the present Indian context is definitely retrograde and objectively serves the interests of those who seek to preserve the dominance of the upper castes. The plea against reservations is advanced on the basis of equality of opportunity and merit. In an unequal society like India, where scheduled castes, tribes and shudras (the bulk of whom are the OBCs) have been discriminated against in choice of occupation, social mobility and control over the means of production, all talk of equality, without taking into account this reality, reduces equality to the concept of formal equality.

As for merit, it is perfectly possible in India to discriminate in recruitment and promotions, on the basis of caste prejudices or preferences, militating against merit. Further, merit, as the Mandal Commission and a host of other commissions and Supreme Court judgments have pointed out, must be seen in the context of achieving real equality of opportunities, social environment and compensatory discrimination to ensure social justice.

I sum up my feeling through the lines of following poem by Martin Niemöller (1892-1984) about accumulation of State power by the targeting of specific groups one at a time captures the slippery slope of the law very well:

First they came for the Communists, and I did not speak out because I was not a Communist.

Then they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out because I was not a Socialist.

Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out because I was not a Trade Unionist.

Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for me, and there was no one left to speak out for me.

Before I conclude, here are views of Mr. Sam Pitroda (Chairman, National Knowledge Commission), on reservation in Higher Education and Jobs:

There is nothing fundamentally wrong with the quota system as long as it is applied judiciously and at the right levels. It cannot become a blanket solution for all time to come. It is my considered position to reject labels on the basis of anyone’s birth. It is an outdated, antiquated thinking to keep talking about caste based disadvantages. The first step for me is to reject all such labels in the 21st century and focus on equality for youth. In my case, hard work, good education and focus on technology helped me a great deal to overcome any disadvantages that I had because of what people still obsessively describe as caste.

Technology gave me an equal footing for everything I have done in my life and career. I have said this before. Technology is a great leveler, second only to death. I have always negotiated challenges on the basis of my whatever little intrinsic merit quality and perseverance. I have never taken the route of quota or reservations. I hope this shows that it is possible.

What we need is to create opportunities for everyone of equal merit to have proper access. On this subject there are many views and many sentiments. At times people look at this in terms of black and white while there are many shades of gray.

Proper primary education is the key to building a sound foundation for higher education in the university. I wish we focus on this first. I also believe that every child must have opportunity for good education without worrying about caste or income levels. If the student is qualified we must find funding to support them in colleges. It is time to go beyond labels that stigmatize an entire group of people. I believe now in the early part of the 21st century we should make fundamental changes in the way we approach the concept of education, employment, equality and empowerment. But the point is it is time for a whole new approach in the 21st century. We cannot build the nation in the 21st century with the 19th century mindset.

Looking forward to your comments and opinion

Reference:

Newspapers: The Times of India;Hindustan Times

News Channels: Star News; CNN-IBN

Sanjeev Himachali India E-mail: ss_himachali@yahoo.com; Mobile No. +91-9876328841

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